Whole Number 56
In the September, 1966, issue of the Quarterly, Whole No. 55, we published a record of the families named Sparks who were listed on the 1830 census of Ohio. Following is a record of the Sparkses listed ten years earlier, on the 1820 census of Ohio. Readers may find the introductory remarks to the 1830 census, on page 1013, of use in connection with the following.
In 1820, as was true in all Federal census records prior to 1850, only the name of the head of each household was recorded by the census taker. The remaining members of the household were simply enumerated in six age groups of males and five age groups of females; the head of the household was also included in this enumeration. The males were enumerated as follows: (1) those under 10 years of age; (2) those who were 10 and under 16; (3) those who were between 16 and 18; (4) those 16 and under 26; (5) those of 26 and under 45; and (6) those 45 and upwards. The reason for the 16 to 18 category was to determine the number of males eligible for military service. Census takers were directed to list these males again in the 16 and under 26 group. Males between 16 and 18 who were for some reason not eligible for military service were listed only in the 16 to 26 category. Females were divided in five age groups--the same as the males except for the 16 to 18 category.
We know that census takers often made mistakes in spelling and in counting, and they sometimes missed families altogether. It should be kept in mind that these enumerations are for households which often included individuals other than the parents and their children.
These records were copied for us in the National Archives by Mrs. Peter J. Heppen.
|Town of Urbana|
|Sugar Crk Twp|
|Cole Rain Twp.|
|Clear Creek Twp.|
|I. (or J.) Sparks||3||1||0||0||1||0|||||||||1||0||0||1||0|