Whole Number 54
|DENTON COUNTY, TEXAS|
|(Post Office; Stuart Creek), enumerated June 21 1860, by A. Y. Hutchison|
(page 49, Vol. 3)
|Last Name||First Name||Age||Sex||Occupation||Worth||Birthplace|
|COLLIN COUNTY, TEXAS|
|Precinct No. 4; enumerated June 8, 1860, by G. W. Barnett
(page 66, Vol. 3)
|(Note: The birthplace of Richard Sparks, above, is given on the census as "Ia." This abbreviation was often used for Indiana as well as Iowa a century ago.)|
Whole Number 187
|PERSONS NAMED SPARKS FOUND ON THE 1860 CENSUS OF TEXAS
Compiled by Russell E. Bidlack
We have published Sparks (Spark, Sparkes) census records over the years, from the first census taken in 1790 through that for 1850. In the March 1995 issue of the Quarterly, Whole No. 169, we began what will be a long-term project: Sparkses found on the 1860 census. We began with the 1860 census for Indiana. We now present our findings for Texas.
Here your editor must pay tribute to the late Paul E. Sparks whose Sparks records that he gathered over half a century have been sent to me by the executor of his estate, Robert L. Sparks, Paul's eldest grandson. Paul had made a number of notes regarding the identity of Sparkses in Texas prior to the Civil War which have been most helpful in this compilation.
The U.S. census of 1860 was very similar to that of 1850. The 1850 census has long been a major source for the American genealogist concerned with mid-19th century families because it was designed to include the name and vital information for each "free" member of every household. Prior to 1850, only the head of each household was actually named in the six preceding censuses, with the other members simply enumerated by sex in various age categories. In 1860, as in 1850, the age of every- one was to be recorded following his/her name, along with occupation (if any), place of birth, and the value of his/her property, both real and personal. Also, a check mark was to be added for each person married within the year ending on June 1, 1860, and if the person had attended school between June 1, 1859, and May 31, 1860. In another column, the census taker was to note any person over 20 who could not read or write. There was still another column in which to note whether the individual was deaf and dumb, blind, insane, idiotic, a pauper, or a convict.
No precise direction was given regarding the form of the name to be recorded, and, as will be seen in the following compilation, some census takers recorded only initials for forenames.
The census taker was instructed to ascertain and record the specific age of each person at his or her last birthday previous to the first of June 1860. "If the exact age in years cannot be ascertained, insert a number which shall be the nearest approximation to it." Everyone living in a household on June 1, 1860, was to be included, even if no longer present, or deceased, when the census taker actually called. Census takers were to begin their visitations on June first, but it was often two or three months later when they finished. Infants born after June first were not to be included. The age of an infant born between June 1, 1859, and May 31, 1860, was to be given as a fraction, e.g., 6/12 for an infant six months old on June 1, 1860. A separate form was provided to record family members who had died between June 1, 1859, and May 31, 1860.
There was also a separate schedule to be completed for slave owners. His/her slaves were not listed by name, but they were recorded individually by age, sex, and color. Also to be noted was the number of "Slave Houses" provided by the owner. (Under color. Blacks were to be identified with a "B" and Mulattoes with an "M.")
Census takers were appointed by the federal Marshall of the Census, their selection often based on political considerations. Each was given the title "Assistant Marshall." They were paid on the basis of the number of names they recorded and the distances they travelled. The "Census District" assigned to an Assistant Marshall was supposed to amount to no more than about 20,000 individuals.
The printed forms (schedules) provided to the Assistant Marshalls required that each be headed by the identification of the state and county as well as township, if a county was divided into townships. The post office for the persons included on a schedule was to be identified; also the date of the visitation, with the signature of the census taker. The census taker was to assign a number to each dwelling house "in the order of visitation" and to each family "in the order of visitation." In many instances, these would be the same, of course, but if there were more than one family in a dwelling, or an empty house, the family number would thereafter be different. Many census takers were careless in this regard.
Census takers used a variety of abbreviations for states to record places of birth. Here we have used the standard two-letter abbreviations of the U.S. Post Office.
The printed forms, or schedules, provided to the census taker in 1860 measured 12" x 17 1/2" and they were printed on both sides, with spaces for 40 entries on each side. While each census taker assigned page numbers to his completed forms, the page numbers given in this compilation are those that have been assigned at the National Archives where these records are preserved. Each number is for a schedule sheet, front and back.
The record of Sparkses appearing on the 1850 census of Texas was compiled by William Perry Johnson, one of the Association's founders, and published in the Quarterly of March 1956, Whole No. 13, pp. 122-25.
To compile the record of Sparkses on the 1860 census of Texas, your editor has used an index to this census prepared by Ronald Vern Jackson and published by Accelerated Indexing Systems, Inc. It is not an "every name" index; heads of households are indexed, but not the members of households where the surname is the same as that of the head. Any individual living in a household whose head had a different surname is indexed, however. This index is quite well done, but handwriting is often difficult to interpret, so some individuals named Sparks may have been missed. The W. J. Sparks found in Wood County, for example, is not included in the index, but he had been noted by one of our members several years ago. On the other hand, the name "Hanan Sparks" of Lavaca County appears in the index, but actually his name is spelled "Speaks" on the census.
Knowing from this index in which Texas counties one or more Sparkses should be found, your editor then rented the films for those counties from Heritage Quest of Bountiful, Utah, which is a company specializing in providing historical records on microfilm for either rental or purchase. As noted earlier, the filmed census records are from the original handwritten schedules in the National Archives.
When Mr. Johnson searched the 1850 census of Texas in 1956, he found 117 per- sons named Sparks (including Spark and Sparkes) in 13 counties. Your editor has found 248 Sparkses on the 1860 census in 32 Texas counties. There were 37 households headed by a Sparks in which all but 25 of the 248 were living. These 25 "other Sparkses" were found in 17 households headed by an individual not named Sparks. Because in some households in which a Sparks was found may provide a clue regarding family relationship, all names in such "mixed" households have been copied here.
Of the 37 Sparks heads of households, 14 owned a total of 111 slaves. The largest number owned by one individual was 25; he was H. B. Sparks in Upshur County. Jane Sparks, widow of William Crain Sparks in Bell County, owned 24. The slave records for the 1860 census are on films apart from the so called "free" schedules. Films of these slave schedules were also rented, and the data found on them have been added to the appropriate family record from the free schedule.
Where we have been able to provide family information pertaining to Sparkses on this census, we have done so in notes following the entries. Should readers have data that supplement these notes, your editor would be pleased for you to share them.
|Anderson County, Texas - - 1860 Census|
|Post Office: Palestine
Page 10. Census taken by B. T. Duval on June 23, 1860.
|225-230||Geoch [Govch?]||John G.||41||(M)||Lawyer||$18,800 - $9,200||KY|
|Note: G.J., F.J., and Y.J. Geoch attended school within the year.|
|Post Office: Bethel|
Page 66. Census taken by B. T. Duval on September 3 & 4, 1860.
|1111-1113||Gee||J.H.||30||(M)||Farmer||$2,720 - $8,700||VA|
Note: The N. F. Sparks, age 42, shown above was Nathan Fowler Sparks; he was a son of 126.96.36.199.2.2.1 John and Sarah (Brooks) Sparks and had been born on May 16, 1811, in Bedford County, Tennessee, according to the family Bible of John and Sarah (Brooks) Sparks described on pp. 2647-48 of the Quarterly of September 1984, Whole No. 127, in an article entitled "188.8.131.52.2.2 Matthew J. Sparks (1759- 1841), son of 184.108.40.206.2 Matthew and Sarah (Thompson) Sparks, and His Descendants." Matthew J. Sparks was the grandfather of Nathan Fowler Sparks. For further information regarding Nathan Fowler Sparks and his family, see the above article, pp. 2657-59. The age and place of birth of N. F. Sparks given in the 1860 census, above, was obviously in error. The N. F. Sparks, age 12, was a son of Nathan and his first wife, Elizabeth (Taylor) Sparks. Elizabeth had died in Anderson County, Texas, on December 3, 1857.
The V. A. Gee, wife of J. H. Gee, shown above, was Virginia Alice Sparks, a daughter of Nathan Fowler and Elizabeth Sparks; she had been born ca. 1837. She married James H. Gee in Anderson County, Texas, on April 10, 1856. The John Sparks, age 2, living in the Gee household in 1860 was John Taylor Sparks, brother of Virginia, who had been born in 1837 shortly before the death of his mother, Elizabeth (Taylor) Sparks.
|Bee County. Texas - - 1860 Census|
|Post Office: Beeville
Page 153. Census taken by A. S. Harmand on July 6 & 7, 1860.
Note: Susan and Mary had attended school within the year. Although on the above census the writing of Lucinda's name more resembles "Levintha," than Lucinda, and "Sparks" almost illegible, her entry on the slave schedule was written clearly as "Lucinda Sparks." She was shown there as owning one slave, a Black female, age 65. This, with listing of her four children on the census, proves that she was the Lucinda J. Reed who married 220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168 James Sparks in Rusk County, Texas, on September 20, 1849. They had appeared on the 1850 census of Rusk County. From family records, we know that the full names of their four children were:
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.1 Thomas Bennett Sparks,
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206 James Sparks, husband of Lucinda, had been born ca. 1827 in Mississippi, a son of 220.127.116.11.2.3.3 John and Joanna (Parkman) Sparks, and a grandson of 18.104.22.168.2.3 William (1761-1848) and Mary (Fielder) Sparks. As noted on p. 2869 of the Quarterly, it has been known that James Sparks died prior to 1885 and was buried on Medio Creek in Bee County. This census record without James suggests, however, that he may have died even prior to 1860. Lucinda died on July 9, 1907, in Live Oak County, Texas.
|Bell County, Texas - - 1860 Census|
|Post Office: Belton
Page 319. Census taken by Thos. K. Cartinell on July 2, 1860.
|327-326||Sparks||Jane||53||(F)||Farming||$26,200 - $16,965||TN|
|"||22.214.171.124 Eliga [sic]||19||(M)||Stock raising||TX|
|"||126.96.36.199 Wm.||16||(M)||" "||TX|
|Note: Wm. Sparks was shown as having attended school within the year. On the slave schedule, Jane Sparks was shown as owning 24 slaves, enumerated as follows; she had 4 "slave houses" for them:|
Jane Sparks, shown as age 53, was the widow of
15.1 70.1.3 William Crain Sparks who had died nearly three years earlier, on October 10, 1857. He had been born June 14, 1798. Jane was his second wife; born January 28, 1837, she was the widow of John Shelton when she and 70.1.3 William Crain Sparks were married in 1837.
An article devoted to William Crain Sparks appeared in the Quarterly of June 1955, Whole No. 10, pp. 70-74. The great-granddaughter who provided that biographical data, however, was in error regarding William Crain Sparks's father. He was not a son of Richard Sparks of Scotland as stated, but rather, there can be little doubt that he was a son of 70.1 James and Nancy Ann (Crain) Sparks of Franklin County, Georgia- -he had been left an orphan at an early age. The three males in Jane's household were her sons: 188.8.131.52 Elijah Sparks (1840-1862); 184.108.40.206 William Crain Sparks, Jr. (1844-1921); and 220.127.116.11 Samuel Alexander Sparks (1846-1897). Elijah died as a Confederate soldier; his portrait appeared on the cover of the Quarterly of June 1955.
William Sparks, born ca. 1806, in that part of dark County, Kentucky, that became Estill County in 1808, was a son of John and Mary (Bradshaw) Sparks. See the article entitled "Have we found the Parents of John Sparks (ca. 1771- 1858) of Greenup County, Kentucky, and Buchanan County, Missouri?" in the Quarterly of March 1994, Whole No. 165, beginning on page 4253. Biographical information on William Sparks is contained in pp. 4256-57. He was married twice; his second marriage was to Sarah A. Emmerich in 1845 in Buchanan County, Missouri. He and his second family moved to Sebastian County, Arkansas, in 1862. His and Sarah's children were: Benjamin F. Hugh Sparks; Frances Catherine Sparks; Minerva J. Sparks; Christopher Columbus Sparks; Sarah A. Sparks; and Lullia Sparks. Two of his sons by his first marriage, James Lewis Sparks and Jesse Isaac Sparks, were living in Denton County, Texas, when the 1860 census was taken (page 5211).
Isaac H. Sparks was married in 1860 to Nancy Porter, and they became the parents of five children: Bernice Sparks; Jesse P. Sparks; James V. Sparks; Benjamin I. Sparks; and Willie Sparks.
Jacob Sparks, whose middle initial was "E," was born ca. 1828 in Alabama and was, we are certain, a son of William Sparks, born ca. 1785. When the 1850 census had been taken, Jacob was living with his brother, Solomon Sparks, in Jefferson County, Texas. His age was given then as 22. Living nearby was another of Jacob's brothers, John S. Sparks, age 39 in 1850. John appeared as head of his household on the 1860 census of Jefferson County, Texas, see page 5217. Solomon Sparks was in Orange County in 1860, see page 5226. A record of this family can be found in the March 1989 issue of the Quarterly, Whole No. 145, in an article beginning on p. 3354 entitled "The Sparkses of Early Jefferson County, Texas." (See p. 3362 for a record of Jacob E. Sparks and his family.) Jacob E. Sparks married Nancy Johnson ca. 1853. When the 1870 census of Colo- rado County was taken, Jacob's age was given as 43. There is a "Voter Registration List" of Colorado County, Texas, following the Civil War in which Jacob signed his name as "Jacob E. Sparks," page 162, #733, July 20, 1867; he gave his place of residence as Colorado County, Columbus Precinct, stating that he had "Resided in state 23 years; in county, 13 years; in precinct 13 years; Born in Alabama."
Jesse Hancock Sparks, a son of Nathan and Nancy (Hancock) Sparks, was born on March 24, 1811, in Tennessee. A record of this family appeared in an article entitled "Nathan Sparks (1775-1844), Son of Matthew and Sarah (Thompson) Sparks..." in the Quarterly of December 1995, Whole No. 172, beginning on page 4548. A record of his life and family begins on page 4559. Susan, shown on the 1860 census, above, was the third wife of Jesse Hancock Sparks. Her maiden name had been Susan Cornell. Jesse and his household appeared on the 1850 census of Ouachita County, Arkansas, see page 2029 of the Quarterly for September 1978, Whole No. 103.
William Sparks, born ca. 1832 in Arkansas, was a son of Willoughby and Mary ["Polly"] (Harrell) Sparks. He was a first cousin of Willis Sparks who was living in Clay County, Texas, when the 1860 census was taken (see page 5212). William's father, Willoughby, and Willis' father, Elsberry, were brothers, sons of Absolom Sparks. William Sparks was married ca. 1832 in Arkansas to Martha A. Erskine, who was shown above on the 1860 census as "M. A. Sparks." See the article by Marsha Wharton entitled "Additional Information About Willoughby Sparks, born ca. 1802, Died About 1860, and Some of His Descendants," in the Quarterly of September 1989, Whole No. 147, pp. 3463-72.
According to the slave schedule of 1860, Wm. F. Sparks owned 10 slaves, and he had 4 slave houses. The slaves were enumerated as follows:
Sarah Sparks's maiden name had been Sarah Ann Rose; she and Absalom had been married in Blount County, Tennessee, on March 18, 1841. According to the inscription on her tombstone in the Weaver Cemetery in Kaufman County, Sarah had been born on June 13, 1825; she died on May 1, 1907. Absalom Sparks had been born ca. 1801 in South Carolina; his first wife's name had been Margaret Alien, and they had seven children prior to her death in 1838/1839 in Blount County, Tennessee. The six children shown on the 1860 census were all Sarah's. Their record appears in an article entitled "Absalom Sparks, Born ca. 1801, died ca. 1851" in the Quarterly of June 1978, Whole No. 102, pp. 2015-18.
Two distinct Sparks families were shown on the 1860 census of McLennan County, one being descendants of John and Sarah (Tickle) Sparks and the other being descendants of Richard Sparks (ca. 1793-1838).
40.1 Thomas Sparks, shown in the household of J. D. Wallace (page 5219) had been born on October 6, 1801; he was a son of 40. John and Sarah (Tickle) Sparks according to a family Bible record (see the Quarterly of December 1960, Whole No. 32, pp. 540-42, entitled "The Family of John Sparks, born ca. 1780, of Morgan County, Georgia"). Thomas was in Lawrence County, Alabama, when he was married ca. 1835 to Nancy Jane McWhorter, daughter of Horace Campbell and Griselda (Kirby) McWhorter. (This is a correction of the statement on page 541 in the article cited above in which Nancy Jane's name was given erroneously as "Julina.") The children of Thomas and Nancy Jane (McWhorter) Sparks were:
40.1.1 Almira Sparks,
40.1.2 Thadeus P. Sparks,
40.1.3 John C. Sparks,
40.1.4 Titus C. Sparks,
40.1.5 Blanch Sparks,
40.1.6 Cora Sparks, and
40.1.7 Thomas Sparks.
Nancy Jane had doubtless died by 1860, for on the 1860 census of McLennan County, as shown on page 5219, Thomas and his three youngest children were living with his daughter, Almira, and her husband, James D. Wallace. The Titus C. Sparks shown as a clerk in the household of J. H. Mullens (page 5219) was a son of Thomas Sparks, as was John C. Sparks who was a clerk for Marshal King in 1860 (page 1520). Marshal King's wife, shown on the 1860 census as "M. B. King," was Mahala Bonner Sparks, daughter of John and Sarah (Tickle) Sparks. Also, Thad Sparks (a nickname of Thaddeus P. Sparks), who was a clerk living in the household of W. W. Downs (see above) was a son of Thomas Sparks. W. W. Downs was William Wood Downs; his wife, Henretta, was a daughter of John and Sarah (Tickle) Sparks.
The C. A. Sparks shown in 1860 as a hotel clerk in the household of J. M. Smith (page 5220) was Cicero Augustus Sparks, born on February 11, 1837, in Blount County, Alabama. He was a son of James Robert and Susan (Harbin) Sparks and a grandson of John and Sarah (Tickle) Sparks. James Robert Sparks had been born on September 15, 1803. (See the Quarterly of De- cember 1969, Whole No. 68, p. 1281, for the Confederate military record of Cicero Augustus Sparks, and the item on page 1324 of the June 1970 QUARTER- LY, Whole No. 70, supplied by Mrs. Alden Eakin. In Mrs. Eakin's item, however, the mother of Cicero was incorrectly given as "Rebecca (Thompson) Sparks.")
Three sons of Richard and Elizabeth May (Cooper) Sparks were shown as heads of households on the 1860 census of McLennan County, Texas. They were: Stephen Franklin Sparks (page 2220); Thomas Benton Sparks (page 5221); and James Hawkins Sparks (page 5221). Another son of Richard and Elizabeth May (Cooper) Sparks, William Fielder Sparks, was shown heading a household in Fort Bend County, Texas, in 1860 (page 5216). Still another son, John Marion Sparks, was shown on the 1860 census of Nacogdoches County, Texas, page 5224. Richard and Elizabeth's other son, Andrew Jackson Sparks, had died in 1857 in Nacogdoches County.
Richard Sparks was a son of William Sparks (1761-1848). A comprehensive article entitled "Descendants of William Sparks (1761-1848), son of Matthew and Sarah (Thompson) Sparks," was published in the Quarterly over three issues, as follows: June 1985, Whole No. 130; September 1985, Whole No. 131; and June 1986, Whole No. 134. Pages 2742-56 of the June 1985 issue and pages 2768-86 of the September 1985 issue are devoted to Richard Sparks and his descendants.
In the household of Stephen F. Sparks (page 5220), the two children named Rogers, Frank and Mary, were children of his sister, Elizabeth C. (Sparks) Rogers. She died ca. 1851; her husband, Samuel Rogers, died in 1854. Another Rogers child, William Rogers, was living in the household of his uncle, James H. Sparks, in 1860, page 5221.
In the boarding house following the above enumeration operated by A. G. Mitchell, there were two young men whose surname was probably Shanks; John A. Shanks, age 20, born in Alabama, and John T. Shanks, age 22, born in Tennessee. We are quite certain that their surname was not Sparks, although the writing is rather difficult to read.
The middle name of John M. Sparks (see page 5224) was Marion. He had been born on June 26, 1831, in Lawrence County, Mississippi, a son of Richard and Elizabeth (Cooper) Sparks. Three of his brothers, James Hawkins Sparks, Stephen Franklin Sparks, and Thomas Benton Sparks, were reported on the 1860 census of McLennan County, Texas (pages 5220 and 5221). John Marion Sparks married (first) Martha Ann Crain; they and their two children were shown on the 1860 of Nacogdoches County. These children were named William Marion Sparks and Idora May Sparks; Idora's name appeared as "Janetha" on this census. After the death of Martha Ann in 1883, John M. Sparks married Elizabeth Whitlow Hazle, and they had three children. A biographical sketch, with John's photograph, appears in the Quarterly of September 1978, Whole No. 103, pp. 2020-23.
We have not been able to identify the parentage of Elijah Sparks, shown on the 1860 census, above. He appears to have been a widower in 1860. He had been living in Nacogdoches County, also, when the 1850 census was taken, and there it appears that his wife's name was Kisiah. (See p. 12 4 of the QUARTER LY of March 1956, Whole No. 13.) Elijah's age appeared as 24 in 1850, so we can probably assume that he had been born ca. 1823/26, noting that in 1860 his age was given as 37. Kisiah, shown as a native of Georgia, was shown as 30 in 1850, so born ca. 1820. Their three oldest children, Daniel, Dartha, and Sarah, were born in Alabama between ca. 1842 and 1848. The family moved to Texas before 1850. Elijah was probably the Elijah Sparks who was married in Nacogdoches County to Mrs. Adeline George on September 21, 1863. Elijah's daugher, Dartha A. M. Sparks was married there to George W. Blackburn on September 28, 1865; his daughter Sarah was married there to Frank Blackburn on December 15, 1867. (All three of these marriage records are in Marriage Book 3 of Nacogdoches County.) The Daniel Sparks shown as a "Day Laborer" in the household of James L. Crossland (page 5224) may have been the same Daniel Sparks shown as a son of Elijah Sparks, although his age was given as 17 in Elijah's household. It was not unusual for a minor child working for a neighbor to be shown in both households.
Enumeration of William Sparks's slaves:
We have not been able to identify Lawrence Sparks and his family.
We have been unable to identify either William Sparks living in Ann Armstrong's hotel in 1860 or the above John T. Sparks and family.
Daniel Sparks was born in South Carolina ca. 1801/06, judging from the age given for him on the 1850 and 1860 censuses. He was in Benton County, Alabama, in 1850. (The name of Benton County was changed to Calhoun County in 1858.) His wife, Lucinda, was shown as 37 in 1850. (For Sparkses appearing on the 1850 census of Alabama, see the Quarterly of December 1958 and March 1959, Whole Nos. 24 and 25, pp. 350-55 and 375-79.) The children of Daniel and Lucinda Sparks were shown on the 1850 census as follows:
Marinda Sparks, age 17;
William Sparks, age 13;
Nancy J. Sparks, age 10;
Martha L. Sparks, age 8;
Charles B. Sparks as 6; and
James Sparks as 4.
All had been born in Alabama except Marinda who had been born in South Carolina. Marinda Sparks married Charles J. Grigsby on September 1, 1858, in Rusk County; we wonder whether she may have died prior to 1860, and whether 6-year-old M. S. Gribsby could have been a granddaughter of Daniel and Lucinda. Marriage records preserved in Rusk County also reveal that their daughter. Nancy J. Sparks, married James E. Cook on December 2, 1855, and their daughter, Martha L. Sparks, married G. W. McDougal on September 20, 1855. Their son, William D. Sparks, married Martha J. Hudson on February 3, 1859; they are shown immediately before his parents on the 1860 census. We have not succeeded in identifying Daniel's parents.
The identity of the four Sparks children living in the household of W. M. Anderson in Rusk County in 1860 is known from a statement recorded on page 794 of Probate Book G in Rusk County, made by William Anderson in June 1860. He described himself as a resident of Rusk County and the stepfather of Thomas Alien Sparks, William R. Sparks, Adelia Sparks, and Benjamin J. Sparks, whom he called "heirs of A. J. Sparks."
A. J. Sparks, father of these four children, was Andrew Jackson Sparks, born October 19, 1826, and a son of Richard and Elizabeth (Cooper) Sparks. He had been married in 1848 to Mary Ann Alien in Nacogdoches County, Texas. He died there on August 6, 1857. See that portion of the article: "Descendants of William Sparks (1761-1848), Son of Matthew and Sarah (Thompson) Sparks" devoted to Andrew Jackson Sparks and his family, including his photograph, in the Quarterly of September 1985, Whole No. 131, pp.2777-81. Mary Ann (Alien) Sparks was married (second) in 1859 to William Anderson. She died two years later, in 1861. Three of Andrew Jackson Sparks's brothers, James H. Sparks, Stephen F. Sparks, and Thomas B. Sparks, were in McLennan County, Texas, when the 1860 census was taken (pages 5220 and 5221), while another brother, John M. Sparks, was in Nacogdoches County in 1860 (page 5225).
Martha Ann Sparks, born October 21, 1841
James Harvey Sparks, born January 10, 1844
Eliza Frances Sparks, born January 4, 1846
Elizabeth Eualline Sparks, born April 30, 1848
Edmund Neiley Sparks, born January 11, 1851
Matthew Patton Sparks, born February 17, 1855
James Brooks Sparks (page 5231), born January 31, 1809, in the Territory of Illinois, was a son of John and Sarah (Brooks) Sparks. His parents had been married in Jackson County, Georgia, in 1806. John and Sarah Sparks had followed John's father (Matthew Sparks) to Illinois Territory after the birth of their first child in 1807, and thus it was that their second child, James Brooks Sparks, was born there in 1809. The family returned to Georgia, how- ever, the next year, in 1810. When John's father, Matthew Sparks (1759-1841), made application for a Revolutionary War pension in 1832, in answering a question regarding a record of his age, he responded: "My son took the Bible containing it when he moved from Illinois to Georgia." (See the Quarterly of December 1956, Whole No. 16, pp. 177-182, for Matthew's pension application.) The other eight children of John and Sarah Sparks, like their first, were all born in Georgia. (The fact that James Brooks Sparks had been born in the Territory of Illinois caused confusion in our early research on this family.) The family moved from Georgia to Tallapoosa County, Alabama, prior to 1836, the year in which John Sparks died.
James Brooks Sparks married Mary Ann Cook on June 30, 1830. After serving in the Mexican War, he moved his family to Texas in 1850. (See the Quarterly of September 1984, Whole No. 127, pp. 2670-72, for an abstract of his pension application.) James B. and Mary Ann Sparks lived in that portion of Titus County, Texas, that became Franklin County in 1875. James died there in 1899; Mary Ann had died in 1887.
The F. M. Sparks shown above was Francis Marion Sparks, also a son of John and Sarah (Brooks) Sparks. He had been born on February 4, 1818, in Jas- per County, Georgia. He was about 15 when the family moved to Tallapoosa County, Alabama, and at the age of 18 he had enlisted with his father to fight in the Seminole Indian War of 1836. (See his pension application, pp. 2669-70 of the September 1984 Quarterly cited above; a biographical sketch also appears in that issue with a record of his children, pp.2659-65.) Francis Marion Sparks married (first) Rebecca J. Holman and (second) to Mary Catherine Brown.
The John N. Sparks shown as a "Waggoner" living in the J. S. Weeks household (page 5231), was a son of James Brooks and Mary Ann (Cook) Sparks. His full name was John Napoleon Sparks; he was born in 1836 at Tecumseh, Georgia, not Alabama as shown on this 1860 census. The Weeks household in which he was living in 1860 was that of his sister, Idris Louisa Sparks, and her hus- band, John W. Weeks. He served in the Confederate Army in the Civil War; see his Confederate pension file on page 2673 of the September 1984 issue of the Quarterly cited earlier. For a biographical sketch and a record of his children, see p. 2655 of this same issue. The Sarah Sparks, age 71, shown as a member of the James Denny household (page 5231) was Sarah (Brooks) Sparks, widow of John Sparks and mother of James Brooks Sparks. She was living with her daughter and son-in-law in 1860. James Denny and Sarah Jane Sparks had been married in Titus County ca. 1851. For a record of James and Sarah Jane (Sparks) Denny see pp. 2665-66 of the Quarterly of September 1984, cited earlier.
Thomas N. Sparks married Jane L. Fancher in Van Zandt County, Texas, on April 21, 1867. They named their second son Marbry Sparks.
A. J. Sparks owned two slaves; he had one slave house. They were:
W. A. Sparks owned one slave, a Black male, age 39; but no slave house.
The "W. A. Sparks" above was shown as a 27-year-old female. We cannot account for this entry; perhaps the census taker erred in recopying his in- formation on the schedule. The eight Sparks children enumerated in this household were, without question, the children of Anderson West Sparks, born September 13, 1811, and his wife, Martha Adaline (Aiken) Sparks, born December 7, 1820. In the Quarterly of December 1980, Whole No. 112, pp.2244- 49, appeared an article about Anderson West Sparks, son of Samuel and Eliza- beth (West) Sparks. Mrs. Eula Sparks Fisher, a granddaughter of the Samuel Sparks who was shown as 6 years old on this census, provided the family record for that article. Mrs. Fisher lived in Montebello, California; we last heard from her in 1977.
It would seem that Anderson West Sparks must have headed this household; he was 50 years old in 1860. He and his family were living in Decatur County, Tennessee, when the 1850 census had been taken. (See the June 1975 issue of the Quarterly, Whole No. 90, pp. 1738-1751, for a record of Sparkses found on the 1850 census of Tennessee.) In was in 1854 that Anderson West Sparks and his family moved to Texas, and it was in Lavaca County, Texas, that their son, Samuel Sparks, was born the same year. They soon moved to near the town of Giddings, however, in that part of Washington County that helped to form Lee County in 1874. Anderson West Sparks was mysteriously drowned in a small creek during the Civil War while he was looking for some cattle near his home. His widow, Martha Adaline Sparks, lived until 1902. They were the parents of eleven children, eight of whom were living when the 1860 census was taken. Their full names were:
1. Hugh Scott Sparks, born 1843, died March 1, 1863, while a soldier in the Confederate Army.
2. Margaret Elizabeth Sparks, born November 19, 1844.
3. William Anderson Sparks, born March 21, 1846.
4. Susan Mary Sparks, born October 16, 1847; died August 11, 1858.
5. Tennessee Rebecca Sparks, born February 10, 1849.
6. Mary Eliza Sparks, born August 8, 1850.
7. An unnamed son born in 1851 died at birth.
8. Samuel Christopher Sparks, born September 28, 1854.
9. Emily Sparks, born August 9, 1856; died June 19, 1858.
10. Adaline Sparks, born March 2, 1858; died January 6, 1861.
11. Isaac West Sparks, born July 18, 1859.
Additional information about this family can be found in the December 1980 issue of the Quarterly noted above.
A. J. Sparks (page 5234), whose full name was Andrew Jackson Sparks, was born March 18, 1817; he was a brother of Anderson West Sparks. He may have been the A. J. Sparks shown in Warren County, Tennessee, age 30, living alone, when the 1850 census was taken, or the A. J. Sparks, also age 30, living alone in Wayne County, Tennessee. We have no record of him after 1860.
Note: W. J. Sparks, the 29-year-old "Lawyer-Editor" living in a hotel in Wood County, Texas, when the 1860 census was taken (page 5236), was William James Sparks, a son of James Brooks and Mary Ann (Cook) Sparks. His parents were living in Titus County, Texas, when the 1860 census was taken (see page 5231). A biographical sketch of W. J. Sparks appears on pp. 2653-65 of the Quarterly of September 1984, Whole No. 127. He estab- lished a newspaper at Quitman in Wood County; later he edited the Flag of the Union at Henderson, Texas. In 1865 he married Mary Ann Herod.
The hotel in which he was staying in 1860 appears to have been operated by Martha E. Bates, apparently a widow with four children. W. L. Pond was probably in partnership with her; he seems also to have been the census taker. He obviously did not interview each of the hotel guests, since his information about several of them was incomplete.
Editor's Note: As seen in our notes in this compilation of Sparkses found on the 1860 census of Texas, there have been a number whom we have been unable to identify. Your editor would be pleased to receive information any of our readers may have regarding these individuals.